Migration, the seasonal journey of animals between habitats, is a phenomenon both awe-inspiring and essential for the survival of countless species across the globe. From the depths of oceans to the heights of mountains, migratory animals traverse vast distances in search of food, better conditions, or reproductive needs.

However, a recently released report by the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) reveals that human activity imperils migratory animals, with over 20% facing extinction. To shed light on this, a survey launched by Real Research, an online survey app, delved into public awareness and concerns regarding human impacts on migratory animals.

Here are the key findings of the survey report:

  • Half of the respondents (50.62%) express extreme worry about the human impacts on migratory animals.
  • Human impacts on migratory animals, particularly habitat destruction and urbanization, are identified as the top threats by 26.12%.
  • Over two-thirds (67.7%) reported significant worry about the findings of the CMS report.

One in Five Migratory Species Threatened With Extinction

The results paint a picture of a population that is largely aware of the phenomenon of migration (over 94%), yet possesses varying degrees of concern and understanding of the threats these migratory animals face.

In detail, half (50.62%) were extremely worried and the other half expressed varying degrees of unease regarding the impacts of human activities on migratory animals.

Figure 1: Level of concern about the findings of the CMS report?

This concern translates into action, with over two-thirds (67.7%) reporting significant worry about the findings of the CMS report detailing the endangered status of over one in five (22%) migratory species.

Read Also: Human Activity is the Main Cause of Climate Change, Reckoned Over 47%

The Greatest Threats

Human activities, specifically habitat destruction and urbanization, emerged as the top threats to migratory animals in the minds of respondents (26.12%). This aligns perfectly with the public’s overwhelming belief (59.5%) that land clearing for development significantly contributes to habitat loss for migratory species.

Figure 2: Do you believe that land clearing for development contributes to habitat loss?

The survey also highlights the recognition of other significant human impacts on migratory animals, with unsustainable hunting/poaching (20.72%), pollution (18.52%), climate change (17.46%), and infrastructure development (17.18%) all receiving substantial concern.

Figure 3: Which human activity poses the greatest threat to migratory animals?

A Call to Action

While a sense of urgency is evident, the survey also reveals a gap in perceived individual contribution to the conservation of migratory species.  While a combined 56.68% believe individuals can contribute (absolutely or probably), a significant portion (43.32%) remains unsure or unconvinced.

Finally, the public overwhelmingly recognizes the critical role of international collaboration in protecting migratory animals, with nearly 80% (39.36% absolutely necessary and 37.52% somewhat necessary) believing international cooperation is essential.


Survey TitleSurvey: Human Impact on Migratory Animals
DurationFebruary 18 – February 25, 2024
Number of Participants5,000
DemographicsMales and females, aged 21 to 99
Participating Countries Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, China (Hong Kong) China (Macao), China (Taiwan), Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greanada, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Malaysia, Maldives, Maluritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar [Burma], Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.