Rainfall patterns change as countries experience significant floods, rising sea levels, and heatwaves resulting from global climate change.

The magnitude of climate change beyond the next few decades depends primarily on the amount of heat-trapping gases emitted globally. Therefore, scientists, governments, and various organizations are working together to find solutions that can mitigate the causes of global climate change.

Apart from this, awareness campaigns have been held across the globe to educate people on protecting the earth and using resources that do not affect the climate. More so, effective policies have been put in place by various organizations to reduce global climate change.

In line with the above, Real Research surveyed to understand the public’s perception of global climate change. Among those who took the survey, 86% are males and only 13% are females. This shows that males are more interested in global climate change than females.

Also Read: Animal Welfare Awareness Increases Globally


  • About 80% of the participants are aware of climate change. Moreover, most of them think that deforestation is the major cause of climate change.
  • 30% believe that heavy floods and storms are the most evident impact of global climate change.
  • Nearly 34% said that avoiding fuels and using clean energy sources like wind and solar can be one of the measures to control global climate change.
  • Almost 71% of people are aware of various organizations’ global policies or initiatives to reduce global climate change. They also think that carbon emission reduction is the best effective policy or initiative taken so far.

Global Climate Climate Change: Awareness, Cause, Impact

80% of participants said that they are aware of global climate change. However, 20% replied that they are not aware of that. This shows that many people are curious about what is happening to our mother nature.

RR insights
Figure 1: Are you aware of global climate change?

In fact, Earth’s climate is now changing faster than at any period in the history of modern civilization, principally due to human activities. Global climate change has already occurred in a wide range of impacts across many countries worldwide, and many sectors of the economy are expected to grow in the coming decades.

To know people’s perception of the causes of global climate change, Real Research asked what they think is the most cause of climate change; 44% said that it’s deforestation. Meanwhile, 26% said fossil fuels. On the other hand, 13% responded that it is agriculture that is the most cause.

Furthermore, 6% of people think that the biggest cause of climate change is the fact that many countries make or possess nuclear weapons. However, 5% believe in natural causes, but 6% don’t know the real reasons.

RR insights
Figure 2: What do you think is the most cause of global climate change?

Most Evident Impact of Global Climate Change

According to NASA, global climate change has already had noticeable effects on the environment. Glaciers have shrunk, ice on rivers and lakes is cracking up earlier (example: Antarctic Ice), plant and animal varieties have shifted, and trees are flowering sooner. As climate change can impact the world, 30% of respondents believe that heavy floods and storms are the most evident impacts, followed by 20% who think of heatwaves. Aside from these people, 18.5% said that shrinking sea ice is the most apparent impact. However, the rest believe that effects like warmer winter, change in the food supply, and sea-level rise are more evident.

RR insights
Figure 3: What is the most evident impact of global climate change?

Taking into consideration the causes and impacts of global climate change, 34% who responded think that avoiding fossil fuels and using clean energy sources like wind and solar can help prevent climate change. Also, 26% said that proper management of forests and farmlands could be an excellent measure to take.

Furthermore, 17% believe the world should increase renewable energy to control climate change. Meanwhile, 11% responded that governments should upgrade policies on global climate change. Apart from these respondents, 7% think that other measurements should be taken to control climate change and the remaining 5% don’t know what should be done.

As a result, this data shows that many people are worried about global climate change and have thought about various sustainable actions that can be done to address it.

RR insights
Figure 4: In your opinion, what measures can be taken to control global climate change?

Awareness of Global Climate Change Policies

Climate change is one of the most crucial global challenges of today. Recent events have indeed confirmed our growing vulnerability to climate change. Climate change has a wide range of impacts. These include affecting agriculture, risk in food security, rising sea levels, and the quickened erosion of tidal zones. Additionally, it also causes the increasing intensity of natural catastrophes, species extinction, and spreading vector-borne diseases.

This issue is of enormous interest to every global citizen. That is why it expects an initiative against it globally. Fortunately, a few of the worldwide leadership to prevent climate change are begun by various sectors. In line with this, 71% of the respondents who took the survey said that they know the global policies or initiatives taken by multiple organizations to reduce global climate change. However, 28% are not aware of the policies or the initiatives.

Also, 38% say that carbon emission reduction is the best effective policy or initiative taken by many organizations. In addition, 23% think that the creation of electric vehicles is also the best effective policy. On the other hand, 15% believe that food waste recycling is the best one.

To continue, a smaller percentage said that minimizing greenhouse gas emissions (9%) is also the best effective way to reduce climate change. However, some (5%) said the introduction of renewable sources. Still others (3.7%) said the best way is to promote a sustainable lifestyle.


Figure 5: In your opinion, what is the best effective policy or initiative taken by various organizations to reduce global climate change?

In conclusion, global climate change is a real concern for the world, and many people are aware of it. Therefore, organizations like the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and World Health Organisation (WHO) have started to take action.


Survey TitlePublic Perception on Global Climate Change
DurationJanuary 27, 2021 – January 31, 2021
Number of Participants300,000
DemographicsMales and females, aged  21 to 65+
Participating CountriesAfghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, AzerbaijanBahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar [Burma], Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.