The conflict between Israel and Palestine has been going on for decades. Many claim that the Palestinian land is Israel’s as they have a religious tie to it, and others side with the Palestinians as they have lived there and owned the land for generations.

The war between the two countries started over 75 years ago, leading to a political and economic impact on the world and specifically neighboring countries.

Recently, Hamas, which is the Palestinian Resistance Movement, launched an attack on Israel on October 7 that led to the deaths of 1,400 Israelis. The situation escalated quickly as Israel, in response, launched a full attack to wipe out Hamas.

Medical authorities in Gaza shared that 8,796 people died, including 3,648 children, due to Israel’s attacks. Moreover, 20,240 were injured, and 1,800 remained missing or trapped under the rubble.

Real Research, an online survey app, launched a survey on the 75-year vicious cycle of the Israel-Palestine conflict, and here are the results.


  • 33.06% thought the reason behind Hamas’ attack was to take advantage of the chaotic national situation.
  • War cannot be justified for any reason, claimed 24.09%
  • 26.54% said the effects of the Israel-Palestine conflict on the world economy could lead people to concentrate on investing in safe assets.

Why Did Hamas Attack Israel?

The majority of the public was aware of the recent war between Israel and Hamas, as 54.32% were well aware of it, 35.14% were vaguely aware, and only 10.54% didn’t know of it.

Hamas has stated that the reason behind the attack was essentially the culmination of long-building anger over Israeli policy, citing recent outbreaks of violence at Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem. 33.06% stated that the main reason for Hamas’ attack on Israel was to take advantage of the chaotic national situation caused by anti-government protests in response to the Israeli government’s judicial reform.

Figure 1: What was the main reason behind Hamas’ attack?
Figure 1: What was the main reason behind Hamas’ attack?

24.09% thought that war cannot be justified for any reason; 23.38% cited Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s oppression of Palestinians as the main reason; and 19.48% claimed that Hamas attempts to disrupt Israel’s relationships with Middle Eastern countries.

Who’s Behind the Hamas Attack?

Many countries shared their opinions, with many siding with Israel and others with Palestinians. More so, tensions are growing between the United States and Iran, as Iran was pointed out to be behind the Hamas attack. However, 29.21% believed that no one was behind the Hamas attack, 28.16% claimed that the militant group Hezbollah was behind it, 22.02% mentioned Iran, and 20.61% stated other Arab countries were behind the attack.

The war’s impact could raise the possibility of proxy wars between other countries. 29.58% stated that they believe other countries that are friendly with the ones already involved could provide some support, while 24.89% stated the opposite and said no one will ever participate. Moreover, 23.57% claimed that the international community would initiate an arbitration, and 21.95% claimed other armed forces would appear.

Israel Displaced 1.1 Million Palestinians From Their Homes

On October 13, Israeli military aircraft dropped leaflets on the northern Gaza Strip, asking 1.1 million people to leave within 24 hours as the threat of Israel sending ground forces emerged.

Stephane Dujarric, a U.N. spokesperson, told CBS News that the U.N. considered it impossible for such a movement to take place without devastating humanitarian consequences. However, Israel’s U.N. ambassador said the U.N.’s response “ignores the brutality of the attack on Israel.”

Surprisingly, the majority believed that ground forces needed to be deployed, as 36.63% claimed this. 34.8% saw there was no need for ground forces to get involved, and the rest (28.57%) didn’t have a clear stance.

Figure 2: Opinion on Israel commanding 1.1 million Palestinians to leave northern Gaza as the threat of ground forces emerged
Figure 2: Opinion on Israel commanding 1.1 million Palestinians to leave northern Gaza as the threat of ground forces emerged

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that he would not agree to a cease-fire with Hamas, as he believed this would be “tantamount to a surrender.” Israel placed a total blockade on the Gaza Strip, including a ban on food and water and electricity cuts. Netanyahu added that Hamas was responsible, accusing it of using civilians as human shields.

Many reporters shared that what Israel is doing is identified as collective punishment, a term that refers to any type of sanctions or penalties taken against a group in retaliation for an act committed by an individual who’s part of the group. Collective punishment is declared illegal by International Humanitarian Law.

Figure 3: Which of these statements do you support?
Figure 3: Which of these statements do you support?

The U.N. said that international corridors will be opened as the refugee situation worsens, a statement that 36.87% supported. On the other hand, 35.97% agreed with Israel’s opinion that the supply disruption to Gaza will continue until Israeli hostages are released. 27.16% weren’t sure which statement to support.

Effects of the Israel-Palestine Conflict on the World Economy

Mohamed El-Erian shared with CNBC that if the conflict expanded and brought other parties, “then the outlook is for even a weaker global economy, even more inflationary pressures.”

The impact of the Israel-Palestine conflict could be severe on the global economy. The price of oil jumped by as much as five dollars per barrel, the futures markets fell, and the Israeli currency hit its seven-year low.

The effects of the Israel-Palestine conflict on the world economy could lead people to concentrate on investing in safe assets (26.54%), inflation (24.48%), and an increase in global oil prices (23.84%), and the rest of the respondents shared other impacts.


Survey TitleSurvey on the 75-year Vicious Cycle of The Israel-Palestine Conflict
DurationOctober 18 – October 25, 2023
Number of Participants10,000
DemographicsMales and females, aged 21 to 99
Participating Countries Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, China (Hong Kong) China (Macao), China (Taiwan), Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greanada, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Malaysia, Maldives, Maluritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar [Burma], Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.