Venice will be recognized as a World Heritage Site in Danger on UNESCO’s List of World Heritage in Danger, a classification designed to protect fragile heritage sites. The World Heritage Committee of UNESCO will make the final judgment during its forthcoming fall meeting. Currently, 55 sites around the world face a variety of dangers and problems.

Venice’s proposed solutions are deemed insufficient by UNESCO, necessitating further discussions. The city grapples with issues like over-tourism, extreme weather due to climate change, and rising sea levels. Past cases suggest that UNESCO’s involvement can bring positive change to listed sites, emphasizing the urgency to protect Venice’s unique heritage.

Hence, Real Research, an online survey app, launched a survey on Venice being added to UNESCO’s ‘heritage sites in danger’ list to gauge public opinion on the endangerment of Venice.


  • Most respondents (70.82%) believed UNESCO would add Venice to the danger list.
  • 44.4% somewhat believed tourism was a factor contributing to the endangerment of Venice as a heritage site.
  • 20.25% stated climate change contributed to the endangerment of Venice.

In the context of the picturesque waterways and historical significance of Venice, a notable development is underway. UNESCO’s proposition to designate Venice as a “Heritage Site in Danger” underscores the sobering reality of a city grappling with the challenges of climate change and excessive tourism.

The endangerment of Venice survey data highlights varying levels of awareness among respondents: 48.21% being well aware, 36.22% having a vague awareness, and 15.57% remaining unaware of this impending decision.

Rising Concerns Amidst Escalating Sea Levels and Tourism Impact

The concerns surrounding Venice’s iconic lagoon are amplified as escalating sea levels and tourism strain imperil its integrity. UNESCO’s forthcoming decision is met with distinct levels of apprehension: 46.39% expressed some degree of concern, 37.8% harbored profound concern, 12.86% possessed moderate disinterest, and 2.95% displayed notable disinterest regarding the potential ramifications.

The statistical insights continue to unfold as Venice’s destiny hangs in the balance. As the prospect of endangerment of Venice by UNESCO looms for its upcoming fall session in 2023, a significant majority of 70.82% anticipate this outcome, while a minority of 29.18% remains optimistic about its avoidance.

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Mixed Tourism Impact Opinions Unveiled

The dual nature of tourism as both a boon and a bane becomes evident, as opinions diverge: 44.4% somewhat agreed, 26.79% strongly agreed, 24.94% somewhat disagreed, and 3.87% strongly disagreed that tourism contributes to Venice’s vulnerability.

Figure 1: Is tourism a significant factor contributing to the endangerment of Venice?

Calls for Stricter Regulations on Tourism

The survey findings indicate that many people believe there should be stricter rules. About half (49.59%) believed it was probably needed, while more than a third (36.63%) strongly felt it was absolutely necessary. Some were unsure (11.81%), and a small group disagreed (1.97%).

Furthermore, respondents have identified various factors that they believe contribute to the endangerment of Venice. These factors include pollution, climate change denial, lack of proper preservation efforts, and overpopulation. Specifically, 20.48% highlighted pollution as a concern, 20.25% underscored the issue of climate change denial, 19.32% emphasized inadequate preservation efforts, and 14.9% implicated overpopulation as a contributing factor.

Figure 2: Factors contributing to the endangerment of Venice.

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Measures To Protect Venice From Dangers

As Venice faces evolving challenges, recent actions have been taken to address its vulnerabilities. In response, the city has implemented measures such as banning cruise ships from its lagoon and constructing sea walls to mitigate the impact of high tides.

These steps have garnered support from 59.72% of respondents, indicating a recognition of their potential effectiveness. However, 40.28% of respondents remained skeptical about the efficacy of these initiatives.

Similarly, considering the data gained from respondents’ viewpoints, it’s evident that protecting Venice demands a diverse array of strategies. When asked about additional measures to safeguard the city, respondents recommended various approaches.

These include promoting responsible tourism practices (21.45%), ensuring regular maintenance and restoration efforts (19.78%), improving the detection of potential threats (17.89%), fostering collaboration with international partners (16.31%), and securing funding for conservation projects (14.84%).

Views on Italy’s Potential to Address Venice’s Challenges Through International Collaboration Amidst Criticisms of UNESCO

In light of varying opinions about UNESCO’s effectiveness, a significant majority of respondents (66.05%) held the belief that Italy has the potential to address Venice’s challenges through collaborative efforts with other countries. However, a portion of respondents (33.95%) remained uncertain about this prospect.

Figure 3: Respondents’ opinion on international cooperation and support to address Venice’s challenges.

It’s worth noting that critics and Italians have raised concerns, asserting that UNESCO, instead of providing the necessary financial support for essential changes, often offers criticism and is deemed an ineffective organization in certain quarters.

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This mix of numbers and opinions leaves Venice’s path uncertain. As a city of history and beauty, Venice asks for teamwork to keep its story alive. Its future waits at a crossroads, calling us to unite and change its story for the next generations.


Survey TitleSurvey on Venice Being Added to UNESCO’s ‘Heritage Sites in Danger’ List
DurationAugust 5, 2023 – August 12, 2023
Number of Participants10,000
DemographicsMales and females, aged 21 to 99
Participating Countries Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, China (Hong Kong) China (Macao), China (Taiwan), Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greanada, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Malaysia, Maldives, Maluritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar [Burma], Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.