The political hub of any country lies in its capital, so do most major landmarks and infrastructure as well. Recently, the Indonesian Government has announced its latest decision in politics — the decision of relocating its capital. Jakarta’s main issues are overcrowding and traffic. Thus, it became overpopulated which became a threat to the economy of the country. To resolve the matter, Indonesia shifted its capital from Jakarta to Nusantara.

Hence, Real Research — the online survey app, launched a survey on the Indonesian decision to relocate its capital. In detail, the survey inquires about Indonesia’s decision of moving its capital from Jakarta to Nusantara. Respondents share their thoughts on the Indonesian decision to relocate its capital. Here are the results.


  • 22.85% are not in favor of the relocation of the Indonesian capital
  • The decision will help with overcrowding and the imbalance of economic development
  • 15.69% say the decision will help Jakarta with severe traffic congestion

87.45% Are in Favor of Relocating the Capital if It Is Overpopulated

To begin, the survey asks respondents if they think their country’s capital is overpopulated. In reply, 82.36% say ‘yes’ and 17.64% say ‘no’.

it is important to relocate the capital if overpopulated
Figure 1: The majority think it is important to relocate the capital if overpopulated

Furthermore, in the debate on the Indonesian decision to relocate its capital, the survey asks if it is necessary to relocate the capital if it is overpopulated. On this, 87.45% say ‘yes’ and 12.55% say ‘no’.

In addition, the survey asks if they have heard the recent news about the capital relocation from Jakarta to East Kalimantan in Indonesia. Here, 77.15% say ‘yes’ and 22.85% say ‘no’.

81.97% Believe the Relocation of Indonesia’s Capital Is a Positive Step

Likewise, the survey asks about the positive aspects of the relocation of the capital since countries like Brazil, Pakistan, and Nigeria have done it before. In reply, 81.97% say it is a positive step, leaving 18.03% who say it is not.

Figure 2: Indonesia relocating its capital is a positive step

Next, the survey asks what is the main reason for respondents to see the Indonesian decision to relocate its capital positively? In answer, 67.31% say overcrowding and the imbalance of the economic development within the country will be resolved to some extent. Meanwhile, 15.69% say Jakarta has suffered from severe traffic congestion and various heavy pollution problems for a long time.

Moreover, 9.32% say since the island is located in the middle of Indonesia, it can serve as an administrative and economic center. Furthermore, 6.96% say the ground in Jakarta has been sinking more every year due to the development of underground water systems and the construction of high-rise buildings.

59.63% Are Against the Decision as All Main Infrastructures Are Located in Jakarta

Likewise, the next question on the Indonesian decision to relocate its capital asks respondents why they think negatively of the decision? Here, 59.63% say since all the infrastructure is mainly located in Jakarta, it will cost a huge amount of money to construct the new capital. In addition. 13.33% say developing this island may harm the surrounding environment and wildlife as most of its site is a forest.

Meanwhile, 10.64% say they don’t think construction will be completed on time and 8.07% say Indonesia has no experience in developing large cities Lastly, 7.12% say some people are skeptical of the capital relocation project and think it is a huge waste of government budget.

Figure 3: People share different negative aspects about relocating the capital

To conclude, the survey asks if respondents would agree if their country decided to relocate its capital city. In answer, 78% say ‘yes’ and 22% say ‘no’.


Survey TitleSurvey on the Indonesian Government’s Decision to Relocate Its Capital
DurationMarch 26 – April 02, 2022
Number of Participants30,000
DemographicsMales and females, aged 21 to 99
Participating Countries Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, China (Hong Kong) China (Macao), China (Taiwan), Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greanada, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Malaysia, Maldives, Maluritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar [Burma], Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.