The nuclear holocaust in Hiroshima and Nagasaki brought fear about the atomic bomb. The horrors of nuclear warfare are hard to fathom, and their memories are vivid to most. Sadly, the world continues to acquire more nuclear weapons and is ruled by those who ignore their consequences for power.

With Russia as one of the countries with a vast collection of nuclear weapons and Putin threatening to use them if they have to against Ukraine, Real Research surveyed the public’s perception of the threat of nuclear war. Here are the results.


  • 69.05% stay updated about the Russia-Ukraine war
  • 69.93% think it’s a threat when Putin orders its country’s strategic deterrence force
  • 52.02% say Russia must withdraw its troops from Ukraine

The Russia-Ukraine Nuclear War Threat

The survey seeking public perception of the threat of nuclear war asks whether respondents follow news and updates on the Russia-Ukraine war. In reply, 69.05% say they follow news and updates all the time, while 19.06% are just trying to catch up with significant updates. Meanwhile, 11.90% know nothing about the current situation between Russia and Ukraine.

Percentage of respondents that follows the Russia-Ukraine war
Figure 1: Percentage of respondents that follows the Russia-Ukraine war news and updates

Consequently, the survey asks why respondents want to stay updated on what’s happening between Russia and Ukraine. In response, 54.12% have friends and relatives in Ukraine, and 20.28% are concerned about the global crisis arising from the war. For a similar reason, 10.92% say the war has created a vast economic impact on fuel prices, inflation, and the like. Moreover, 8.31% say the war can further escalate to other countries, and 5.70% fear that the war could escalate to a threat of nuclear war.

Since the Cold War, the risk of using nuclear weapons has reached its highest year. When the survey asks respondents if they think a nuclear war will happen due to the Russia-Ukraine war, half (50.43%) say it is highly likely. Others at 13.48% say it is somewhat probable, while 23.47% remain neutral. On the other hand, 6.86% think it is improbable to happen, and 5.75% think it is somehow unlikely.

Should Russia Withdraw Its Troops?

Additionally, the survey asks respondents if Russia’s President Vladimir ordering strategic deterrence forces to put nuclear weapons on special alert is a direct threat. In reply, 69.63% say yes, it is. Whereas 11.06% say it is not, and 19.01% are unsure.

Furthermore, other countries aside from Russia are known to own nuclear weapons. The survey asks respondents which country they think possesses a prime threat of using such. The majority (46.49%) choose the USA. Following are Russia (22.25%), India (8.52%), the UK (8.02%), Pakistan (5.60%), China (5.59%), and France (3.51%).

Moreover, the survey asks for respondents’ opinions on what can reduce the tension of politics affecting the situation in the world. In return, the majority (52.02%) say Russia must withdraw its troops from Ukraine. In addition, 12.91% say countries that own nuclear weapons should give them up voluntarily, and 10.48% say Ukraine must refuse to join NATO and accept the status of neutrality.

However, 8.41% say the US must stop manipulating other states, 8.16% say resolve all conflicts through diplomacy, and 6.98% say countries with neutral status should not join NATO.

Nuclear Weapons: The End

Concerning nuclear weapons, the survey asks respondents’ opinions on when to use such accordingly. Here, 53.28% say in case of the defeat of Russian troops in Ukraine. The rest consider other circumstances like the following: if America and Europe continue to supply weapons to Ukraine (16.37%), if other neutral countries continue to join NATO (14%), in case of aggravation of relations between India and Pakistan (6.45%), and by the same token, between Japan and North Korea (7.46%).

Respondents’ opinion on what circumstances they think nuclear weapons could be used
Figure 3: Respondents’ opinion on what circumstances they think nuclear weapons could be used

Lastly, the survey asks respondents if they think the continued supply of weapons from other countries to Ukraine can induce Putin to carry out his threat of a nuclear war. On this, 47.06% say it is most definitely, and 15.43% say it is definitely to happen. On the contrary, 5.82% say it won’t cause a nuclear war, while 19.69% remain neutral, and 12% are unsure of the case.


Survey TitlePublic Perception on Threat of Nuclear War
DurationJune 22 – June 29, 2022
Number of Participants50,000
DemographicsMales and females, aged 21 to 99
Participating Countries Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, China (Hong Kong) China (Macao), China (Taiwan), Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greanada, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Malaysia, Maldives, Maluritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar [Burma], Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.