On November 15, President Xi Jinping and U.S. President Joe Biden assembled for a summit at the Filoli Estate in San Francisco. The leaders engaged in an open and extensive discussion on strategic matters crucial to the course of China-U.S. relations and on global issues impacting peace and development. Real Research surveyed the public about the Xi-Biden summit to see what the reactions were. The following are the results.


  • 47.3% felt that the Xi-Biden summit would somewhat positively impact the U.S.-China relations
  • 50.87% are ‘very optimistic’ about the prospects of the U.S.-China curbing fentanyl production
  • The meeting between the two leaders will yield results in the future, 45.88% somewhat agree with this

The survey on the XI-Biden Summit began with a poll on respondents’ awareness; 53.72% were aware, while 33.05% were vaguely aware, and 13.23% were unaware.

As per China’s official numbers, the growth rate has been slowing, marked by a declining workforce, low-interest rates, and a geopolitical tussle with the U.S. Given this, survey respondents were asked about the potential positive impact on U.S.-China economic relations of the meeting between the leaders. 47.3% felt that the meeting would somewhat improve economic relations, while 34.73% felt that it strongly would. Contrastingly, 13.43% said that the relations would somewhat not improve, and 4.53% felt they strongly would not.

Fig 1: The Xi-Biden Summit would reportedly improve the U.S.-China relations

Russia-Ukraine War, U.S. Involvement

According to reports from the White House, the leaders at the Xi-Biden Summit plan to discuss the Russia-Ukraine war. The U.S. has reportedly committed to assisting Ukraine’s transition to a democratic, independent, and sovereign nation. When asked about their agreement with the States’ involvement in this, up to 47.7% agree, while 33.72% ‘strongly’ agree. Leaving only 13.65% and 4.93% to disagree and strongly disagree, respectively.

AI Improvements Necessary?

Another matter that was discussed was artificial intelligence and the vitality of improving artificial intelligence. Given the present day and age, respondents were asked about the importance of the topic; 32.8% opine that the matter is somewhat important, while 26.85% say that it’s ‘extremely important’. Furthermore, 22.85% and 17.53% rule the matter as ‘somewhat unimportant’ and ‘extremely unimportant’, respectively.

Would the Xi-Biden Summit Yield Worthwhile Results?

While Biden and Jinping discussed multiple issues during the meeting, it is yet to be seen whether or not the meetings will bear fruit. When asked about the same in the survey, most respondents, 45.88%, opined that the meeting would ‘somewhat’ bring successful results in the future, while 30.4% opined that it certainly would bear fruit. Only 23.72% felt that the meeting would not bring any results to the issues discussed between the two countries.

Fig 2: Respondents on whether the meetings will bear fruit
Fig 2: Respondents on whether the meetings will bear fruit

There were also concerns about the U.S. government leveraging the economic challenges faced by China to benefit the U.S. economy. When respondents were asked about this, the following opinions were revealed.

Fig 3: Concern over the U.S. gaining from China’s economic challenges.

52.13% were somewhat worried, 31.17% were extremely worried, and 16.7% were not at all worried.

Moreover, White House reports also revealed that the two leaders agreed to “manage competition responsibly to prevent it from descending into conflict, confrontation, or a new Cold War.” To this, 45.68% were “very confident,” 36.72% were “somewhat confident,” 12.45% were “somewhat not confident,” and 5.15% were not confident at all.

Given the above, however, points were raised about the White House improving economic ties with other countries to offset the impact of China’s economic slowdown on the U.S.

Accordingly, respondents were asked about their agreement with the same, 47.97% agree, 22.57% strongly agree, whereas 23% disagree, leaving about 6.47% who strongly disagree.


Survey TitleSurvey on the Xi-Biden Summit in California
DurationNovember 21 – November 28, 2023
Number of Participants6,000
DemographicsMales and females, aged 21 to 99
Participating Countries Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, China (Hong Kong) China (Macao), China (Taiwan), Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greanada, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Malaysia, Maldives, Maluritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar [Burma], Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.