India has embarked on a research and innovation partnership with California in the field of zero-emission cars to accelerate the growth of its budding electric vehicle (EV) industry and address climate issues. The Davis Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California developed a new India ZEV Research Centre. It would identify the potential for India to emerge with this new technology as a strategic leader and address policy, technological, and investment strategies for a ZEV. But, there are some concerns regarding its execution, availability, and access to charging stations, security, and energy power cuts.

Thus, Real Research launched a survey on India and California on Zero-Emission Vehicles. The survey aims to seek opinions if this partnership will be possible for India to achieve and revolutionize the EV industry. Here are the results.


  • 44.22% are well aware of India’s collaboration with California for development in the field of zero-emission vehicles
  • 28.85% of respondents prefer electric Vehicles
  • 26.62% prefer Tesla Model 3 as an emerging zero-emission car

Zero-Emission Vehicles (ZEV) Adoption in India

The survey on Zero-Emission Vehicles (ZEV) reveals that California has the world’s most advanced zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) policies, as well as an ambitious 100% ZEV mandate by 2035. The survey begins to ask about respondents’ awareness of this. In response, 49% said they are well aware, 27.42% somewhat heard about it, and 23.57% said no.

Furthermore, the survey reveals that 44.22% of respondents are well aware that India is collaborating with California for research and innovation in the field of zero-emission vehicles for the speedy development of its budding electric vehicle industry to address climate risks. Meanwhile, 32.13% heard about it but do not know the details, and 23.65% are not aware.

Figure 1: Respondents on electric vehicles preference

Read Also: Survey on India Overtaking U.K As World’s 5th Largest Economy

The Good and the Bad About Zero-Emission Vehicles

Accordingly, the surveys asks respondents which zero-emission cars do they currently prefer. All 26.62% prefer Tesla Model 3, 9.79% like Nissan LEAF currently, and 9.46% prefer BMW i3. Meanwhile, 9.31% respondents picked Fiat 500 Electric Hatchback, and 8.18% liked Audi Q4 e-tron.

Figure 2: What respondents liked about Zero-emission cars
Figure 2: What respondents liked about Zero-emission cars

Next, the survey asks about the major advantages of zero-emission vehicles (ZEV). This is what the respondents had to say: less or no gas or fuel required (24.36%), easy to recharge (12.07%), and easy and convenient to drive (10.57%). Moreover, respondents feel ZEVs are environment-friendly (8.32%) and cost-efficient in long-run (7.95%).

Read Also: 60% Believe Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Will Mitigate Effects of Climate Change

Similarly, the survey asks about the major disadvantages of zero-emission vehicles (ZEV). The responses were as follows: High initial costs (28.64%), Safety concerns (16.5%), and Lack of current public EV charging infrastructure (13.44%). Meanwhile, respondents feel there is, no dedicated parking spots (11.57%), and no range of electric charging connectors (10%).

Will You Choose Zero-Emission Vehicles (ZEV) in Future to Save The Environment?

The survey also reveals that 33.77% own a zero-emission vehicle, whereas 24.18% plan to buy one ZEV. Similarly, 19.81% own a hybrid vehicle, whereas 22.21% do not own a zero-emission vehicle.

Figure 3: Respondents choosing Zero-emission vehicle

Following that, the survey asks respondents if they would switch to zero-emission vehicles (ZEV), electric, or hybrid car in the future, to help curb carbon emissions and save the environment. 36.05% respondents said they absolutely would, 35.71% said maybe, and 28.25% said no.

Read Also: Over 70% Are Aware of Global Policies to Reduce Climate Change

Lastly, the survey asks ‘how likely will India succeed in developing its EV industry and implementing zero-emission vehicles (ZEV) policies by 2023?’ In reply, 31.54% said highly likely, similarly 22.36% also said its likely to be achieved by India. 20.89% remain neutral, whereas 13.10% think its unlikely, and 12.11% think its highly unlikely to be achieved by 2023.


Survey TitleSurvey on India and California on Zero-Emission Vehicles
DurationOctober 09 – October 16, 2022
Number of Participants30,000
DemographicsMales and females, aged 21 to 99
Participating Countries Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, China (Hong Kong) China (Macao), China (Taiwan), Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greanada, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Malaysia, Maldives, Maluritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar [Burma], Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.